"The basis for a pure utopian settlement" - Karl Marx


Communism: \Com"mu*nism\, n. [F. communisme, fr. commun common.] A scheme of equalizing the social conditions of life; specifically, a scheme which contemplates the abolition of inequalities in the possession of property, as by distributing all wealth equally to all, or by holding all wealth in common for the equal use and advantage of all.
-(webster's online dictionary) keyword: communism

Theory: such societies provide for equal sharing of all work, according to ability, and all benefits, according to need.
Taken from Encarta online keyword communism

     The term communism was reserved for the philosophy advanced by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in their Communist Manifesto and the movement they helped create in Central Europe. Since 1917 the term has denoted those who regard the Russian Revolution as a model that all Marxists should followAs a concept of an ideal society, communism is derived from ancient sources, including Plato's Republic and the earliest Christian communes.  The term communism dates to 1840. 

     Communism is a form of government in which the material produced and the income taken in is for the good of the community instead of the individual. Individuality is something that is looked down on by a “perfect” communistic society.  This idea of government has been around for about one hundred and sixty years and its roots have derived from the Old Russian Empire.  Although communism was once the most feared form of government in the world, today it is on a steep decline with only a few third world countries and China still practicing it. The origins of modern day communism can be traced back to Karl Marx around thirty years after the French Revolution.  Karl Marx is said to be the father of communism and was and still is in some parts of Russia a hero to many.  Marx stated that   “The combination of the productive forces and the social relations of production the economic base of society”(Gurley 21).  Another one of Marx’s famous sayings on  his theory of communism was “That the democracy that has developed over the centuries in many capitalist societies has been limited mainly to the political sphere, where it could be extended towards the economic part of society”(Gurley 24). 

        Communism in it’s most powerful days was after the end of World War Two and the beginning of the Cold War.  After the end of the war, Russia and the United States became the two dominant factors in the world.  Both countries were on a collision course for war.  America was trying to indoctrinate democracy across the planet, while Russia was spreading their communistic ways across Eastern Europe and Asia. The largest country to fall to communism was China.  The United States and Russia had over a forty year stand-off.  Although the Cold War ended ten years ago, communism is still in a few countries and is always a dangerous topic to discuss in America and many other countries. 

        Today, communism is in its darkest hour.  Many of the world powers have thrown out their communistic governments and adopted new forms of democracy.  Communism of today is restricted to mostly starving, third world countries.  There seems to be only one world power left that still practices communism today, which is the country of China.  The main reason that China is the number one enemy to many nations across the world, is because they are a large, militaristic country, reminiscent of Russia during the Cold War.  Communism is slowly fading away, but will always leave its mark on history. 




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