Robert Trundle’s Homepage
(Robert C. Trundle)
PhD, University of Colorado at Boulder
Full Professor, Philosophy & Religious Studies
Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy
Sources Noting My Work
Areas of scholarship include the History of Philosophy, Phenomenology, Philosophy of Science and Metaphysics. These are applied creatively to art, aesthetics, business ethics, ethics elsewhere, film, literature, logic, medicine, politics, science, theology, theological /scientific considerations of extraterrestrial intelligence etc.
High school teacher, state certification in mathematics and English, Department of Education, Toledo Public Schools, Toledo, Ohio, part time 1972-74; University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, instructor, 1982-84; Regis College at Colorado Springs, adjunct assistant professor, 1982-86; Northern Kentucky University at Highland Heights, assistant professor starting in 1987, awarded early tenure and early promotions to both associate and full professor.
University of Toledo Teaching Assistantship, 1972-1974; Rice University Fellowship, 1975; Outstanding Junior Professor in the College of Arts & Sciences for Scholarship and Teaching at Northern Kentucky University; Invited referee for the following journals — Philosophy of Science (Philosophy of Science Association), Laval Théologique et Philosophique (Laval Université), and Dialogue: Canadian Philosophical Review (official journal of the Canadian Philosophical Association); Elected to Advisory Board of Sensus Communis: An International Quarterly for Research on Alethic Logic; Invited as an evaluator for Canada’s most prestigious scholarly award, the Killam Research Fellowship (directed by the Canada Council for the Arts).
Memberships (past and present)
Include but not limited to Scientific Research Society of Sigma Xi, Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society, New York Academy of Sciences, American Philosophical Association, Society for Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy, Federation of American Scientists, American Association for the Advancement of Science
* Beyond Absurdity: The Philosophy of Albert Camus, with Ramakrishna Puligandla (1986) Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, ISBN 978-0819152268 (hc), ISBN-10 0819152269 (pb)
* Ancient Greek Philosophy: Its Development and Relevance to our Time (1994) London: UK, Ashgate Publishing — Avebury Series in Philosophy, ISBN 1-85628-978-8
* Medieval Modal Logic and Science: Augustine on Scientific Truth and Thomas on its Impossibility Without a First Cause (1999), University Press of America ISBN 0-7618-1398-5
* From Physics to Metaphysics: The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Philosophy (2001, 2nd edition 2003) Transaction Publishers, Rutgers – The State University, 2nd edition ISBN 0-7658-0901-X
* UFOs: Politics, God and Science — Philosophy on a Taboo Topic (2001), Florence, Italy: European Press Academic Publishing (EPAP) ISBN 88-8398-007-7
* Camus’ Answer: “No” to the Western Pharisees Who Impose Reason on Reality (2002) Eastbourne, UK: Sussex Academic Press ISBN 1-902210-98-0 (hc), ISBN 1-902210-99-9 (pb)
* Is E.T. Here? No Politically But Yes Scientifically and Theologically, Victoria, Canada: EcceNova Editions; 1st edition (2005), ISBN 0-9735341-2-5
* A Theology of Science: From Science to Ethics to an Ethical Politics (2007, 2nd edition 2009), BrownWalker Press ISBN-10: 1599424266, ISBN-13: 978-1599424262
Journal Publications (including but not limited to):
*Logique et Analyse – Belgium National Centre for Logical Investigation, *Bulletin Ind. Institute of the History of Medicine, *Thought: A Review of Culture and Idea, *Science and Method: Journal for the Empirical Study of the Foundations of Science (The Netherlands), *Res Publica – Belgium Institute of Political Science, *Philosophy in Science – Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of the Specola Vaticana (Vatican Observatory) Papieska Akademia Teologiczna (Pontifical Academy of Theology) Kraków and Pachart Foundation Tucson, *Aquinas: Revista Internazionale di Filosofia (Pontificia Università Lateranense), *Diálogos: Las Revistas Editadas Por Universidad de Puerto Rico, *Idealistic Studies: An International Philosophical Journal, *Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, *The Modern Schoolman: A Quarterly Journal of Philosophy, *The National Forum, *Review Journal of Philosophy & Social Science, *Laval Théologique et Philosophique, *Ethics & Politics / Etica & Politica, *Sorites (Σωρίτης): Journal of Analytic Philosophy – Ed. Lorenzo Peña, Spanish Academy of Sciences Logic-and-Law Research Group, *Cultura: International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology, *Christian Perspectives on Science and Technology – The Institute for the Study of Christianity in an Age of Science and Technology (ISCAST), *Filosofia: International Journal of Philosophy, *Sensus Communis: An International Quarterly for Studies and Research on Alethic Logic, *Augustinus: Revista Trimestral Publicada Por Los Padres Agustinos Recoletos, *Darshana International, *Epistemologia: Italian Journal for the Philosophy of Science, *Journal of Business Ethics
According to several reviewers (some noted below), my views tend to be novel, provocative and diverse — ranging in articles from “Women’s Fashion: Function of Sex or Social Construction?” in Cultura 6.2 (2009) and one on “Global Ethnic Conflict” in Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 19 (1996) to “A First Cause & Causal Principle” in Philosophy in Science X (2003) and “Unidentified Flying Objects in Northern Kentucky” in The Encyclopedia of Northern Kentucky (University Press of Kentucky, 2009). I have authored approximately sixty professional articles and books. In regard to books, my first, Beyond Absurdity: The Philosophy of Albert Camus, written with R. Puligandla, relates Camus to Eastern thought, especially to Nâgârjuna. While the Nâgârjunian element continued in my next book on Camus, Camus' Answer: “No" to the Western Pharisees Who Impose Reason on Reality, the latter sought both to render compatible a realism with Eastern thought and to preserve an account of Camus’ rebellion against murderous ideologies of Western intellectuals. A Choice magazine book review stated, "A fine explanation of the various meanings of Camus' concept of the absurd. A useful introduction to Camus' thought." And a scholarly reviewer for Paragon House publishers praised the book by noting, “it is rather unique and represents a kind of scholarship that very view even try to, let alone succeed at, engage in. On the whole, the discussion of Camus is informative and is nicely connected both to Western philosophy and Eastern accents.”
My book Ancient Greek Philosophy: Its Development and Relevance to Our Time addresses a logical continuity of developing ideas of many Pre-Socratics, including Thales, Heraclitus, Parmenides, the Sophists and Atomists, through Plato and Aristotle. It considers how their ideas bear on perplexing ideas and dynamic events of our time. Today’s controversies, from ethics ignoring human nature to gender roles in the military and relativism in science, are discussed in sidebar columns. The columns consider enduring questions that relate, if not suggest prolific responses to, the controversies by Pre-Socratic notions of how metaphysics and physics interface, Plato's moral theory and Aristotle's unique insights on how ethics, art and politics are rooted in our psycho-biological nature. Dr. Ralph McInerny, Michael P. Grace Professor of Medieval Studies at the University of Notre Dame, stated, “The high level of historical and philosophical discussion is admirable, yet eminently accessible." And Professor Konstantine Boudouris, Chair of Philosophy at the University of Athens and Editor of The Greek Philosophical Review, who reviewed the book (below in Greek) stated that the book is “very important.”
In my next book Medieval Modal Logic and Science, I draw on the history of philosophy and philosophy of science to consider St. Thomas Aquinas and St. Augustine in terms of modal logic. Having its roots in Aristotle, this logic came to include modalities of necessity and possibility other than strictly logical ones. But due to cultural traumas of the scientific revolution and Reformation, I argue, those modalities were ignored at the dawn of modern philosophy. In their absence philosophers were unable to articulate how "truth" is ascribable to scientific theories, much less to a presupposed causal principle that, strictly implying a first cause, may render sound a cosmological proof. I seek to show how this proof and science are related logically — revealing that today’s creationism-evolution debates tend to commit a straw man fallacy by addressing a supernatural God as opposed to a God of Nature, although the two are compatible in my findings. My findings are applied to a revitalized naturalistic ethics, theology, science and politics. In regard to the politics etc being considered modally, my work was acknowledged by Dr. Julian Deahl, a notable European logician and Senior Editor at Brill, who stated "you need no introduction as I had come across some of your articles on scholastic logic (my own field)." And profound implications of the book were noted both by J. Roland Ramirez, PhD – Institut Catholique de Paris, who said “The many questions raised by Trundle are matters from which any present-day thinker… concerned with the present or future of any philosophy or of any science could seriously benefit” and by Dr. David Lamb of England's Birmingham Medical School who asserted that the book’s "range of case studies from geology and medical science to biology and physics... is first rate philosophy of science.”
In my book From Physics to Politics: The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Philosophy, this philosophy is related to political ideology. The ideology stems in part from later Greek and medieval modal truths being confused with a truth-less metaphysics by modern philosophers, Yale University logician Ruth Barcan Marcus noting sardonically “No metaphysical mysteries.” The mysteries were exacerbated by modern philosophy since it tended to either replace "truth" by notions such as "verisimilitude" (Sir Karl Popper) or, earlier, hold that “truth” originates in superior men (fascism) and dominating classes (Marxism). Given an ensuing skepticism and predictable stress on practical applications of philosophy in order to avoid knotty epistemological problems (Marx famously stating that philosophy should not merely interpret the world but change it), "truth" was largely politicized via naked political ideology and a surreptitious political correctness. Popper, I note, did himself express grave concern about this irrationality leading to relativism. With respect to the relativism Peter Redpath states that I show how these events, which left over 100 million persons dead in the twentieth century, had the net effect of subordinating logic and science to ideological dreams: "Fascism, Nazism, Marxism, political correctness, and moral relativism are actually essential acts, not historical aberrations," adding that my work “is groundbreaking and daring with widespread ramifications. [Trundle’s] argument transcends the domains of logic and scientific method,” extending “to metaphysics and the history of philosophy.”
My most provocative works are those on extraterrestrial intelligence and unidentified flying objects (UFOs), including the book Is ET Here: "No" Politically But Yes Scientifically and Theologically. Nonetheless, Chair of the Philosophy Department at Tulane University (now Professor of Philosophy and Director of Humanities at the University of Colorado), Dr. Michael Zimmerman, stated, “With his knowledge of the philosophy of science, epistemology and logic,” Trundle erodes “the justifications used by many mainstream scientists, journalists and opinion-shapers when they ignore or attack credible testimony… of artificial flying objects not produced by human beings.” He adds, “This well-written book will appeal especially to those interested in a philosophically and technically sophisticated treatment." Indeed, the treatment relates to astonishing scientific advances, such as light-pulse experiments by NEC physicists at Princeton, that may soon bear on interstellar space travel in a relatively short time. If this timely travel may be feasible for us, the feasibility proceeds pari passu for more advanced non-human craft as well — rendering plausible reports of reliable witnesses and films of the phenomena that some leading scientists acknowledge, if not many major G8 governments. Taken with a Principle of Pessimistic Induction in the philosophy of science whereby reasoning inductively from past scientific theories indicates that superseding theories rendered possible alleged impossibilities, a reasonable pessimism is warranted about the absolute truth of any current theory that excludes the travel. In terms of the travel this principle does not mean that the theories are false but rather that their truth is restricted to various domains, as a domain of Newton is restricted to phenomena not approaching the speed of light and where Planck’s constant is negligible. And so due to a limited domain of Einstein's theory (not that it necessarily excludes the travel possibility), pessimism is reasonable about the truth inter alia of a supposed speed-of-light barrier that excludes ET's presence. Coupled with witnesses, film, radar data, government documents released by the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and other evidence, a reasonable belief in the possible, if not likely, presence is supported. In virtue of this support’s influence, Fate magazine (published since 1948) named me one of the 100 most influential people on the subject in 2005.
My varied and provoking research is illustrated also by A Theology of Science: From Science to Ethics to an Ethical Politics which suggests that a liberal epistemology and ontology of natural theology, if not a theology of traditional Judeo Christianity, creatively fosters novel ways for defending a strong scientific realism, not a mere reality of many theoretic entities but also for true laws or theories in terms of which the entities are understood. In understanding theories as conjunctive propositions composed of laws to which “truth” is ascribable, the ascriptions are initially rendered tenable by an epistemic modality whereby, despite Popper’s truth-functional conditional for alone falsifying theories, theories that make systematically true predictions in given domains strictly imply a truth of the theories: How can theories be entirely false when they systematically predict the phenomena? Unless the phenomena were reflected with approximate truth by the theories, how in principle could the theories predict the phenomena? And a notion that phenomena are theory-dependent wherein observational predictions cannot imply a theory’s truth since predictions presuppose theories (per Feyerabend, Kuhn, Popper etc) is avoided by a phenomenology of consciousness wherein we have a non-epistemic / non-conceptual consciousness of phenomena. Thus although observed phenomena may be theory laden, this does not obviate a limited observational truth by which the reasoning is tenable. Several tenable insights inspired by theology, permitting paradox or contradiction, bear on the philosophy of science in terms of an Underdetermination-of-Theory-by-Data (UTD) Thesis. The Thesis, used to undercut scientific realism, specifies that data afford logically inconsistent but empirically equivalent theories that equally predict or explicate the data. But this appeal to data is a false dilemma. For just as theology has perennially acknowledged logically inconsistent realities by virtue of there being no contradiction in saying that reality need not abide by the principle of non-contradiction, such as God being One and not One (Triune) or our existence being triune and not triune (one) per St. Augustine , the data may be composed of inconsistent predicates, as light may be a wave and non-wave (particle) per Victor de Broglie’s particle-wave equation . The point is that scientific realism mandates reasoning from reality to our ideas and not imposing ideas, even principles of logic, on reality. This realism is related to ethics. In The Review of Metaphysics (Sep 2008) Tom Michaud said, “This book is one of those exceptional works which is both challenging in its philosophical sophistication and edifying in its moral argumentation,” adding that “[Trundle] logically dismantles the problems, and then offers a strategy for correcting the course of science so that it can properly establish ethics and inform politics. His strategy succeeds brilliantly.” The strategy includes reasoning from a true causal principle, expressed as an alethic modality, to a first cause or creator who creates our psycho-biological nature as it should be. Leaning on scholars such as Peter Kreeft for this normative relation of a first cause to our nature, a naturalistic ethics may be inferred for fulfilling our nature with no naturalistic fallacy. The fallacy, accepted axiomatically by academics who construe Hume’s rants against religion as part of his “critical thought,” may not only be averted but also obstacles to inferring a moral politics that institutionalizes the ethics (ethical and political claims being as true as scientific descriptions of our psycho-biological nature that inform those claims). After praising the book, Peter Redpath cautions that it is bold and daring: “It is not for the faint-hearted. It pulls no punches. Trundle is not Dale Carnegie. Many academics will not like it since it accurately exposes them as charlatans in ways that are difficult, if not impossible, to refute.”
Sources Noting My Work (Partial List):
National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCIB), A Service of the US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17154115) lists my article and abstract, coauthored with Michael Vossmeyer, M.D., “Sex revolution and psychosocial disorder,” Bulletin Ind. Institute of the History of Medicine 33(2): 129-148.
Ella Christopherson (Ed), “The ‘Female’ Question,” Omnivore 19 Jan 2010 (New York, Artforum International per http://www.bookforum.com) cites and includes a PDF of my article “Women’s Fashion: Function of Sex or Social Construction?” Cultura: International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology 6.2 (2009) 46-67.
Claudia von Collani’s Biography of Thomas Aquinas, encyclopedia/en/ thomasAquinas, 2009, lists my book Medieval modal logic & science: Augustine on Scientific Truth and Thomas on Its Impossibility Without a First Cause (Lanham: UPA, 1999).
Fifty Years of Philosophy: A Select Bibliography, 1955-2005 (Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV, 2007) by Andy F. Sanders & Kristof De Ridder, lists my articles “Cosmological Proof: Integrating Theology, Science, Ethics and Politics,” Sensus Communis 3/3 (2002) 185-208 and “Thomas’ 2nd Way: A Defense by Modal Scientific Reasoning,” Logic et Analysis v.146 (1994) 145-168.
Thomistica. An Internat. Yearbook of Thomistic Bibliography, Bonn 2006 (2007) ff. lists my article “St. Thomas and modal logic: On Wittgenstein's and Heidegger's Possibility," Aquinas 38 (1995) 223-248. See http://wissen.spiegel.de/wissen/dokument/50/44/dokument, 2009.
PhilPapers – Online Research in Philosophy, by D. Bourget and David Chalmers of the Center for Consciousness (http://philpapers.org, 2009) lists my book Medieval Modal Logic & Science (1999).
Reetta Eiranen’s “Absurdin Filosofiaa: Albert Camus’n Käsityksiä Inhimillisestä Olemisesta,” Hybris: Esseistis – Asiallinen Historialehti 1/2009 (Tampere University, Department of History & Philosophy) cites my book, with R. Puligandla, Beyond Absurdity (1986).
National Criminal Justice Ref. Service, Administrated by the Office of Justice Programs, US Dept. of Justice (2008), http://www.ncjrs.gov, lists and summarizes my article “Has Global Ethnic Conflict Superseded Cold War Ideology?” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 19.1, 1996.
Tom Michaud’s “Critiquing Politically Correct Justice” (7th International Congress on the Future of Western Civilization, 16 April 2008, at the John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Poland) cites and quotes my book A Theology of Science: “As Robert Trundle explains, ‘when truth is politicized, there is a political correctness whereby what is correct may be false in respect to empirical reality…’ [His] explanation of PC exposes its pernicious epistemological implications…”
The Review of Metaphysics 62 (2008) #245, review of my book A Theology of Science by Tom Michaud, states: “one of those exceptional works which is both challenging in its philosophical sophistication and edifying in its moral argumentation… [Trundle] offers a strategy for correcting the course of science so that it can properly establish ethics and inform politics. His strategy succeeds brilliantly.”
Dr. Rolando Gripaldo’s “Religion, ethics & the meaning of life” Asian Journal of Humanities 15 (2008) 27-40 (http://myais.fsktm.um.edu) cites my article “A scientific proof of God and its import for society” Sophia (Σοφία): International Journal of Philosophy 28 (1998-99) 1–130.
Dr. John Haas’ “Christian Apologetics and Science,” The American Scientific Affiliation (2008) www.asa3.org/asa/topics/Apologetics/index, includes my article as a pdf: "A First Cause and the Causal Principle,” Philosophy in Science X (2003) pp. 107-135.
Dr. John Haas’ “Current Ethical Issues in Science,” The American Scientific Affiliation (http://www.asa3.org/asa/topics/ethics/default, 2008) includes my article as a pdf: "Sex Revolution and Psychosexual Disorder” in Bulletin Ind. Institute of the History of Medicine 33 (2003).
Abstracts index: Sociology & social work (http://www.faqs.org, 2008) lists and abstracts my article “Has Global Ethnic Conflict Superseded Cold-War Ideology?” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 19(1996) 93-107.
Verlag T. Bautz’s Biographisch-Bibliographisches, WITTGENSTEIN, Ludwig Jose Johann (http://www.bautz.de/bbkl/w/wittgenstein_l_j_j, 2008) lists my article “St. Thomas and modal logic: On Wittgenstein's and Heidegger's Possibility", Aquinas 38.2 (1995) 223-248.
Verlog T. Bautz’s Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon, THOMAS VON AQUIN O.P. (www.bautz.de/bbkl, 2008) lists my article “Thomas’ 2nd and 3rd Ways by Modern Science,” Aquinas: Revista Internazionale di Filosofia, Vol. 42.3 (1999) 541-548.
“Promise and Problems of Modern Science” in The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. (Columbia University Press, 2007) lists both my book A Theology of Science: From Science to Ethics to an Ethical Politics (2007) and its review in The Review of Metaphysics.
“Naturalistic Fallacy” in Encyclopedia Britannica | Date: 2007, (www. encyclopedia.com/doc/1B1-373129) cites the Fallacy’s criticism per a review of my book A Theology of Science (2007) in The Review of Metaphysics (1 Sep 2008) by Prof Thomas Michaud.
Michael S. Jones’ The Metaphysics of Religion: Lucian Blaga and Contemporary Philosophy (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2006) notes on page 65 that Lucian Blaga, a 20th-century European philosopher who was suppressed by the Romanian Socialist Republic, states that “for humans, metaphysics is unavoidable” and that “This seems to be one of the main points of Robert C. Trundle Jr’s recent book From Physics to Politics: The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Philosophy (Transaction Publishers, 1999 ).” See books.google.com, 2008.
Stuart Brown, Diané Collinson and Robert Wilkinson’s One Hundred Twentieth-Century Philosophers (Routledge, 1999) cites as a source my book Beyond Absurdity (1986), coauthored with R. Puligandla.
Augustine Through the Ages: An Encyclopedia (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1999) by A. D. Fitzgerald, OSU — Augustinian Patristic Institute, Rome, and Editor of Augustinian Studies at Villanova University, lists two of my articles on pages 59 and 885: "St. Augustine's Epistemology: Ignored Aristotelian Themes and Their Intriguing Implications," Laval Théologique et Philosophique 50 (1994) and "St. Augustine's On Free Choice of Will: Prologue to 20th Century Meaning," Augustinus 38 (1993). See books.google.com, 2008.
Michael John’s Moral Philosophy Lecture: Philo 12 (University of Santo Tomas) cites my book Ancient Greek Philosophy: Its Development and Relevance to our Time (tamayaosbc.files.wordpress. com/2008/07/moral-philosophy-lecture-i.doc)
Sarah Mahinthan et al’s Existential Questions Raised in Never Let Me Go (Copenhagen: Roskilde University, 2008) http://rudar.ruc.dk/ handle, cite my book Beyond Absurdity: The Philosophy of Albert Camus (UPI, 2006) written with R. Puligandla,.
Wabash Center For Teaching & Learning in Theology & Religion (funded by Lilly Endowment Inc.) Wabash College, 2008, lists my book A Theology of Science: From Science to Ethics to an Ethical Politics (2007).
C.H. Hu et al’s “The Role of Abductive Reasoning in Cognitive-Based Assessment” Elementary Education Online 7.2 (2008) 310-322, cite my book Ancient Greek Philosophy: Its Development and Relevance to Our Time (1994).
Modern Greek Philosophy Research Centre (2008), University of Ioannina, Department of Philosophy, Pedagogy & Psychology (Director: Konstantinos TH. Petsios), lists my book Ancient Greek Philosophy: Its Development & Relevance to Our Time (1994).
Scientific Commons at Switzerland’s University of St. Gallen (2008), Institute for Media & Communications Management, makes reference to my PhD Dissertation Scientific Realism and Existential Phenomenology (1984) at the University of Colorado at Boulder.
BioInfoBank Library (lib.bioinfo.pl/auth:Trundle,R - 2008) lists my article with Michael Vossmeyer, M.D., “Sex revolution and psychosocial disorder: a historical perspective on the delusion of medical neutrality,” Bulletin Ind. Inst. History of Medicine 33.2: 129-48 17154115 (P,S,E,B).
“First Cause Argument,” New World Encyclopedia, Ed. Frank Kaufmann et al, Managed by Paragon House Publishers (2008), lists my book Medieval Modal Logic and Science (1999) as a reference.
Logic Bibliography Up To 2008 – Heinrich Heine Universität Düsseldorf, by Dr. L. Geldsetzer, under the category Scholastics, lists my article “St. Thomas’ Modal Logic: Did Wittgenstein and Heidegger Embrace it?” Idealistic Studies 26 (1996) 79-99.
Dr. William Huitt (Department of Psychology at Valdosta State University), Becoming A Brilliant Star: Philosophy of Education (http://chiron. valdosta.edu, 2007) recommends my article “Paradoxes of human nature” Etica & Politica IX (2007) 181-186.
W.J. Hankey, Carnegie Professor of Classics and Editor of Dionysius at Dalhousie University, “From Metaphysics to History” (delivered to the Collège de France, Oct. 12-13, 1992: La Réception de la pensée d’Étienne Gilson dans la philosophe contemporaine en France), cites my article “Twentieth-Century Despair & Thomas’ Sound Argument for God,” Laval Thêologique et philosophique 52 (1996), online Sept 2007.
William Huitt’s “Human Nature” Educational Psychology Interactive, (August 2007) recommends my article “Paradoxes of Human Nature,” Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics, IX (2007) 181-186. See http://chiron. valdosta.edu/whuitt/brilstar/brilsphl.html.
“Intentional Robots: Design of a Goal-Seeking Environment-Driven Agent,” by Dr. R. Manzotti (Computer System Sciences at Genoa University, Italy – research supported by The Italian Space Agency and European Union) cites my article “Existentialism & Phenomenology: The Overlooked Bases of Scientific Realism,” Epistemologia: Italian Journal for the Philosophy of Science XIII (1990) 279-302.
The Korean Bio-information Center, affiliated with the Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, cites my book Ancient Greek Philosophy (1994) in its discussion of “Abduction” (bvio.com/index.php/ Abductive_reasoning, 2007).
Joseph Tiangco’s “Sûnyata, Postmodern Self and the Great Satori,” International Conference on Unity and Diversity in Religion & Culture (Organized by the UNESCO Chair on Comparative Studies of Spiritual Traditions) www.networkforpeace.org, 2007, makes three citations to my book Camus’ Answer: “No” to the Western Pharisees (Sussex Academic Press, 2002).
Transparency International of the Czech Republic (TIC), a Non-Governmental Organization to Monitor Corruption, online 2007 at Odborná Literatura a Prameny (www.Transparency.CZ/Vivaetika/Infocen trum/Prameny/T.htm) – lists my article “Is There Any Ethics in Business Ethics?” The Journal of Business Ethics 8 (1989) 261-269.
John C. Attig’s John Locke Bibliography: A Comprehensive Listing of Publications by and About John Locke (Pennsylvania State University, 2007) lists my article "St. Augustine's Epistemology: Ignored Aristotelian Themes and Their Intriguing Implications," Laval Théologique et Philosophique, Université Laval 50.1 (1994) 187-205.
CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (Institute for Scientific & Technical Information - France), 2006, lists my résumé and article “First Cause & Causal Principle: How the principle binds theology to science,” Philosophy in Science X (2003) 107-135.
Yves Le Juen’s Readings for Existentialism at the Sussex Language Institute (University of Sussex), 2006, lists my book Beyond Absurdity (1986) coauthored with R. Puligandla.
Dr. Daniel Remenyi’s “So You Want to be an Academic Researcher in Business and Management Studies! Where Do You Start and What are the Key Philosophical Issues to Think About?” Henley Research 9531 (1995) 1-28, www.wlv.ac.uk/PDF/ (2006), Henley Management College and Dept. of Information Systems, Witwatersrand University, Africa, cites my book Ancient Greek Philosophy (1994).
Raymond Gay-Crosier’s Selective and Cumulative Bibliography of Recent Studies on Albert Camus , Dept. of Romance Languages & Literature (University of Florida), lists my book Camus’ Answer: “No” to the Western Pharisees (2003).
Dr. Omid Nodoushani’s “The Problems and Prospects of Postmodern Management Discourse,” Management Learning 27.3 (1996) 359-381, cites my article "Business, Ethics and Business Ethics: 2nd Thoughts on the Business-Ethics Revolution," Thought 66.262 (1991) 297-309, per http://mlq.sagepub.com/cgi/content/refs/27/3/359, 2006.
Nelson Phillips’ “The Sociology of Knowledge: An Existential View of Business Ethics” Journal of Business Ethics 10 (1991) 787-795, cites my article “Is There Any Ethics in Business Ethics?” Journal of Business Ethics 8(1989), www.springerlink.com.content/t820859442839r00/, 2006.
“Abductive Reasoning,” About, Inc. (New York Times Co) refers to my book Ancient Greek Philosophy in the main body of its discussion at its online Encyclopedia (http://experts.about.com, 2006).
Dr. Chong Ho Yu’s “Abduction, Deduction & Induction: Applications in Quantitative Methods,” The American Educational Research Journal (AERA), Washington DC, Vol. 43 (2006) cites my book Ancient Greek Philosophy: Its Development and Relevance to Our Time (1994).
Joseph Tiangco’s “Intellectual Schisms in Philippine Psychology are Schisms of the Self: Meditations from an East-West Comparative Stand-point,” Asian Journal of Social Science 33.2 (2005) 295-318, cites and quotes my book Camus’ Answer: “No” to the Western Pharisees who Impose Reason on Reality (2003).
Dr. M. Becht and Dr. A. Raffelt (Universität Freiburg), “Martin Heidegger,” Sekundärliteratur (Zeitschriftenaufsätze und Buchbeiträge) 1990ç-1999 (www.ub.uni-freiburg.de/referate) list my articles “St. Augustine's on free choice of the will” in Augustínus 38–1993 and “St. Thomas on Wittgenstein and Heidegger” in Giornale di metafisica 17–1995 in its publications on Heidegger.
The Center for Process Studies — Process Thought and Philosophy of Science (www.ctr4process.org 2005) lists my article, and its abstract, "Quantum Fluctuation, Self-Organizing Biological Systems, and Human Freedom." Idealistic Studies 24, no. 3 (Fall 1994): 269-81.
Systematic Theology (2. God Acting/Working and Laws of the Universe/ Miracle/Natural Sciences) by Prof. Herbert Frohnhofen (Dr. phil. and Dr. theol.) at the Catholic University of Applied Sciences in Mainz, Germany, lists my article, coauthored with Glenn Bramble, “If Miracles are Caused by Nature's God, Can there be Scientific Truth?” in Aquinas 48 (2005) 443-455, at www.theologie-systematisch.de/gotteslehre (2005).
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information at services.inist.fr/cgi-bin/public/views_doc, 2005, lists several of my articles.
Psycho-help: Secrets of Counseling and Psychotherapy Revealed Through Literature (http://www.psychohelp.co.uk/, 16 April 2005) notes both of my books Camus’Answer and Medieval Modal Logic.
Current News of the Department of Anthropology at Texas A&M University, website at www.tamu.edu/anthropology/news.html (2005) notes my book Is ET Here? “No” Politically but “Yes” Scientifically.
Dr. George Manning’s syllabus, Humanistic Psychology PSY 370, at NKU, lists as a reference my book Beyond Absurdity: The Philosophy of Albert Camus (1987), written with R. Puligandla.
Prof. Dr. Enrique Moreno’s Select Bibliographia Thomistica (2005) at Universidad de Navarra, Spain, www.corpusthomisticum.org, lists my articles «St. Augustine's Epistemology: An Ignored Aristotelian Theme & Its Intriguing Anticipations» in Laval Théologique et Philosophique 50 (1994), «St. Thomas and Modal Logic: On Wittgenstein's & Heidegger's Possibility» in Aquinas 38 (1995), «St. Thomas on Wittgenstein & Heidegger: The World's Possible Nonexistence» in Giornale di Metafisica 17 (1995), «St. Thomas' Modal Logic: Did Wittgenstein & Heidegger Embrace It?» in Idealistic Studies 26 (1996), «20th C. Despair & Thomas' Sound Argument for God» in Laval Théologique et Philosophique 52/1 (1996), «Thomas' 2nd & 3rd Ways by Modern Science» in Aquinas 42 (1999), and my book Medieval Modal Logic and Science (1999).
Journal of Indian Philosophy & Religion, www.indology.net (2005), recommends my book From Physics to Politics (2003) in virtue of its discussion of Eastern philosophy and critique of the West.
Dr. Dimitris Papadimitriou’s The European Union as an International Actor, syllabus for a module of international students, 2005, University of Manchester, England, lists as a reference my book Ancient Greek Philosophy: Its Development and Relevance to Our Time (1994).
Abductive Reasoning, AbsoluteAstronomy.com (AA Reference), 2005, bases a claim about this reasoning on my book Ancient Greek Philosophy: Its Development and Relevance to Our Time (1994).
Tim McSweeney’s “The Death of Metaphysics,” Internet Tendency (Ohio University) http://oak.cats.ohiou.edu (2005) quotes several pages of my book From Physics to Politics (2003).
Dr. Jay Stevenson’s The Idiot’s Guide to Philosophy (Alpha Press, 2005) lists as a reference my book Ancient Greek Philosophy: Its Development and Relevance to Our Time (1994) in its Bibliography, in the latest edition of the popular “Idiot Series”.
“Greek Philosophy”, Encarta Encyclopedia and World Atlas, England (uk.encarta.msn.com, 2005) describes my book Ancient Greek Philosophy: Its Development and Relevance to our Time (1994) as “accessible and useful as an introductory study.”
Katie Walker’s “Professor’s Book Explores Space, UFOs,” The Northener, Northern Kentucky University (5 Feb 2005) both discusses my book Is ET Here? (2003) and includes an interview of me.
Richard Pearlstein’s Fatal Future? Transnational Terrorism and the New Global Disorder (University of Texas Press, 2004), on pages 105 and 179, cites my article “Has Global Ethnic Conflict Superseded Cold War Ideology?” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 19 (1996).
Aristotle on Truth (Cambridge University Press, 2004), by Paolo Crivelli of Oxford University, cites my book Medieval Modal Logic & Science (1999) on page 60 in his discussion of Aristotle’s modal logic. See www.cambridge.org/catalogue and 9780521823289_index.pdf and
National Public Radio, invitation to be interviewed on UFOs, 2 Oct 2004, for the nationally syndicated Jeff Rense Program (declined).
Gesellschaft für Philosophie und Wissenschaft e.V, 2004, at www.philosophie.de/default.asp, cites and discusses my interview by David Wecker in the Cincinnati Enquirer, July 2003.
A.L. Webre’s Exopolitics: Politics, Government & Law in the Universe, June 2004, notes my work and an interview in the Cincinnati Post.
Doug Arrell’s “Teaching Aesthetics to Artists,” American Society for Aesthetics, http://www.aesthetics-online.org/articles/index.php?articles_ id=5, cites my article “Business, Ethics and Business Ethics” Thought: A Review of Culture and Idea, Vol. 66 (1991) 297-309.
Dr. Rolando Gripaldo’s Filipino Philosophy: A Critical Bibliography 1998-2002 (Manila: De La Salle University Press, 2004), http://www. scribd.com/doc/7254564/Filipino-Philosohy-a-Critical-Bibliography-19982002, lists my article “Camus on a Disquietude that Cannot be Distilled,” Filosofia: International Journal of Philosophy, V. 31 (2002).
Michael Foley (University of Notre Dame), “Augustine, Aristotle and the Confessions,” The Thomist 67 (2003) 607-22, cites my article "St. Augustine's Epistemology: An Ignored Aristotelian Theme and its Intriguing Anticipations," Laval théologique et philosophique 50 (1994).
Light Blue: Criticism of World of Literature, Poetry and Philosophy, www.littlebluelight.com, 2003, lists my book Camus’ Answer: “No” to the Pharisees Who Impose Reason on Reality
Eastman et al (Eds.), Physics and Whitehead: Process, Quantum and Experience (SUNY Press, 2003) www.ctr4process.org/publications/ PSS/ResourceGuide-corr3.pdf, cites my article “Quantum Fluctuations, Self-Organizing Biological Systems, and Human Freedom” in Idealistic Studies 24 (1999) 269-281.
New Course *The Philosophy of St. Augustine*, University of Akron, http://www3.uakron.edu/provost/proposal/2002/, lists as a reference my book Medieval Modal Logic and Science: Augustine on Scientific Truth & Thomas on Its Impossibility without a First Cause (1999).
Recent Works in Continental Philosophy – 2002 (State University of New York at Stoney Brook) lists my book Camus’ Answer: No to the Western Pharisees who Impose Reason on Reality (2003).
L.J. Mattila and L.C. Larsen’s In Search of Innovation (2002) Graduate Business School, School of Economics & Commercial Law at Göteborg University (www.handels.gu.se/epc/archive), cites my book Ancient Greek Philosophy: Its Development & Relevance to Our Time (1994).
“Relations of Science to Literature & the Arts,” Configurations, Vol. 9, No. 2 (2001) 266-353 – Johns Hopkins University Press and Society for Literature & Science, cites my book From Physics to Politics (1999)
Suzi Adams (La Trobe University), “The Enduring Enigma: Physics and Nomos in Castoriadas,” Thesis Eleven: Journal of Critical Theory & Historical Sociology 65 (2001) 93-107, cites my book Ancient Greek Philosophy: Its Development and Relevance to Our Time (1994).
Troelstra Archive Index, 2000-2001, Mathematical Institute of the University of Amsterdam — Archives of Anne Sjerp Troelstra, Prof of Mathematics (University of Amsterdam), Member of the Royal Dutch Academy of Science and Winner of the F. L. Bauer Prize for internationally outstanding contributions to Computer Science (15 Nov 1996), cites correspondence with me, per “R. C. Trundle (Medieval Alpha and Omega of logico-scientific reasoning),” from my book Medieval Modal Logic at www.illc.uva.nl/Publications/ResearchReports/ X-2003-01.text.doc:.
The essay “Re: Abstract Art and or Painting” at www.1Art.com (2000) by the notable philosopher of art in the analytical tradition, Prof Emeritus George Dickie, University of Illinois, (aka Dickie Wayne?) cites my article "Business, Ethics and Business Ethics," Thought: A Review of Culture & Idea, 66.262, (1991) 297-309.
Prof. D. Collins’ “Quest to Improve the Human Condition: The First 1500 Articles Published in the Journal of Business Ethics,” Journal of Business Ethics 26 (July 2000) 1-73, includes my article “Is There Any Ethics in Business Ethics?” Journal of Business Ethics (1989).
Karl Gwiasda, Relations of Science to Literature, 1999 (muse.jhu.edu/ journals/configurations/v009/9.2bibliography.pdf) lists my book From Physics to Politics: The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Philosophy
Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel, research center, publisher and library, directed by Prof Helwig Schmidt-Glintzer in Wolfenbüttel, Germany, lists my book Medieval Modal Logic and Science (1999) under its references for “St. Thomas Aquinas”.
Dr, Julian Deahl, European logician and Senior Editor at Brill emailed me (Tuesday, September 22, 1998 1:53 AM), acknowledging my publications on logic, stating, "you need no introduction as I had come across some of your articles on scholastic logic (my own field)."
Richard Carrier’s Bibliography of Skepticism in the Ancient World, 1998, lists my book Ancient Greek Philosophy (1994)
Thomas Feehan’s Critical Thinking: A Practicum, 1997, College of the Holy Cross lists my article "Applied Logic: An Aristotelian Organon for Critical Thinking” in Philosophy in Science (1993)
C. Cassell, P. Johnson and K. Smith’s “Opening the Black Box: Corporate Codes of Ethics in Their Organizational Context,” Journal of Business Ethics 16 (July 1997) 1077-1093, cites my article “Is There Any Ethics in Business?” Journal of Business Ethics 8 (1989) 261–269.
John Coakley et al, “Developments in West European political science journal and electronic literature during 1996,” European Journal of Political Research, 31.4 (1997) 533-55, cites my article “Cold-War ideology: an apologetics for global ethnic conflict?” Res Publica - Belgium Institute of Political Science 37 (1996) 61-84.
Lancaster Index to Defense and International Security Literature, Military Policy Research lists my article “Has Global Ethnic Conflict Superseded Cold-War Ideology?” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism (1996) www.mpr.co.uk/scripts/sweb, referenced also at US military libraries.
World Affairs Online (WAO) 1996, Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde cites my article on “Ethnic Conflict” in Studies in Conflict and Terrorism (1996) per SB05 International political/militaryconflicts, SG02.03 Nationalities/ Minorities, and RQ World wide at http://einiras.coe.int/cgi-bin/egwedn.
The Greek Philosophical Review 38 (1996), pp. 206-207 – review of my book Ancient Greek Philosophy (1994) by Dr. Konstantine Boudouris, Chair of Philosophy at the University of Athens, who stated in a letter 3 Oct 96 that the book was “very important”. See http://www.kenef.phil. uoi.gr/dynamic/prometo.php?Letter=T.
CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (Institute for Scientific & Technical Info, France), 1995, lists my résumé and article “St. Thomas and Modal Logic: On Wittgenstein/Heidegger's possibility,” Aquinas - Pontificia Università Lateranense, V. 38.2 (1995) pp. 223-248.
Universität des Saarlandes Saarländische Universitäts und Landes-bibliothek, refers to my book Ancient Greek Philosophy (1994)
My colleague Prof Joan Ferrante at NKU, in an article in Sociological Viewpoints (1994), refers to a discussion with me in which I distinguish theory from applied scholarship.
Jutta Biedebach et al, “Bibliography Zeitschriftenschau,” Journal for General Philosophy of Science (Historical Archive), Vol. 24, 2 (1993) 361-396, list my article "An Existential-Phenomenological Approach to Scientific Realism," Explorations in Knowledge IX (1992) 38-65.
S.R. Premeaux and R.W. Mondy’s “Linking Management Behavior to Ethical Philosophy,” Journal of Business Ethics, V. 12 (May 1993) 349-357, cites my article “Is There any Ethics in Business Ethcs,” JBE.
Christopher Herrera’s “Metaphysics and Walter’s ‘Pragmatic Version of Natural Law’,” Journal of Value Inquiry 27, nos. 3-4 (1993) 535-538 cites my article “Value and Scientific Theory” in the Modern Schoolman 50: 85-100.
A. Bauermeister, J. Biedebach and B. Buldt, “Zeitschriftenschau,” Journal for General Philosophy of Science, Vol. 23, No. 2 (Sep 1992) 363-402, cite my work on existentialism and phenomenology
Kenneth Bond‘s Bibliography of Business Ethics & Business Moral Values (Arcata, CA: Humboldt State University School of Business, 1992) www.humboldt.edu/~kmb2/frame.html, cites my article “Is There any Ethics in Business Ethics?” in The Journal of Business Ethics (1989).
CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (Institute for Scientific & Technical Information - France) lists my résumé and article “The Cases For and Against Theological Approaches to Business Ethics,” Laval théologique et philosophique, V. 47 (1991) no2, 241-259.
Nelson Phillips (Imperial College London, Tanaka Business School), “The Sociology of Knowledge: Toward an Existential View of Business Ethics,” Journal of Business Ethics 10 (1991) 787-95, cites and discusses my article "Is There Any Ethics in Business Ethics?" Journal of Business Ethics Vol. 8, Nos. 3-4 (1989) 261-269.
Richard T. De George’s “There is Ethics in Business Ethics – But More As Well” in the Journal of Business Ethics 8 (1989) responded to my article “Is there any ethics in business ethics” in JBE 8 (April ‘89), to which I replied in “Business, Ethics, & Business Ethics” in Thought: A Review of Culture 66, No. 262, (1991) 297-309.
John Locke Bibliography, 1994, – Roland Hall’s complement to Lock Studies, Penn State University (http://www.libraries.psu.edu) lists my article “St. Augustine’s epistemology: an ignored Aristotelian theme and its intriguing anticipations,” Laval théologique et philosophique 50.1 (Fev. 1994) 187-205. Abstract: PhI 1994: 719.
Revue D. Histoire Litteraire De La France—review of my book, written with Ramakrishna Puligandla Beyond Absurdity (1987).
Dr. J. Neu’s “109th Critical Bibliography of the History of Science,” ISIS: International Review Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences, Department of the History of Science at the University of Wisconsin, Vol. 75 (1984) p. 23, lists my article "Value and Scientific Theory" in The Modern Schoolman: A Quarterly Journal of Philosophy, V. 60, 1983 (online at http://www.garfield.library.upenn.edu/ histcomp/schacter-dl_w-citing_or/node/92)
A. A. Bell and J. B. Allis, "SECTION ON MODAL LOGIC," Resources in Ancient Philosophy (London: The Scarecrow Press, Inc, 1991), contains an abstract on my article "De Interpretatione IX: [Aristotle's] Problem of Future or Infinite Past Truth?" in The Modern Schoolman: A Quarterly Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 57 (Nov 1981).
1. See reference to the Choice review of my book Camus’ Answer at http://www.amazon.com/Camus-Answer-Western-Pharisees-Reality/. My scholarship in existential phenomenology stems from both my publications and having had the famous existentialist scholar and translator of Jean-Paul Sartre, Professor Emerita Hazel Barnes, as an advisor for my doctoral dissertation (Scientific Realism and Existential Phenomenology) noted in my book Camus’ Answer, p. 161, n. 21
2. Email to Robert Trundle from Paragon editor Rosemary Byrne Yokoi with a reviewer’s comments that recommend publication (per Rosemary Byrne Yokoi firstname.lastname@example.org, Tuesday, October 9, 2001 7:46 AM). The offer of publication was declined since Sussex Academic Press had already accepted my book.
3. Letter from Prof Ralph McInerny to Robert Trundle, 1 Feb 1994, on Ancient Greek Philosophy: Its Development & Relevance to Our Time, used in Trundle’s university performance review.
4. Letter to R. Trundle on 3 Oct 1996, used in his performance review, from Prof Konstantine Boudouris — Editor, Greek Philosophical Review and Chair of Philosophy at the University of Athens. Boudouris’ review of the book can be viewed via “102. Βουδούρης, Κωνσταντῖνος Ἰωάν., «Trundle Robert C., “Ancient Philosophy”, Avebury Press, 1994, 328 p. » , Ἑλληνικὴ Φιλοσοφικὴ Ἐπιθεώρηση, 13, 38 (1996), σσ. 206-207” at http://www.kenef.phil.uoi.gr/dynamic/prometo.php?Letter=T
5. Email to Robert Trundle from Julian Deahl, Senior Acquisitions Editor of Brill Academic Publishers (Tuesday, September 22, 1998 1:53 AM).
6. J. Roland Ramirez and David Lamb, Forewords, Medieval Modal Logic and Science, pp. ix-xii.
7. Ruth Barcan Marcus, Modalities: Philosophical Essays (NY: Oxford University Press, 1993), p. 69.
8. Peter Redpath, Foreword, From Physics to Politics, pp. ix and x. Dr. Redpath is Professor of Philosophy at St. John’s University, a member of the Board of Trustees of the Institute for Advanced Philosophical Research, a panelist for the Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs, and a participant in the International Conference on Religious Liberty at the U.S. State Department by invitation of Secretary of State Elliot Abrams — to note only a few of his honors.
9. Prof Michael Zimmerman in an email to author on 6/4/04 2:51 PM ("Michael Zimmerman" email@example.com) and quoted in Trundle’s book Is ET Here? following the copyright page.
10. Besides Princeton and Stanford University scientists Robert Jahn and Peter Sturrock who support UFO investigations, among others, per reference to their publications by professors A. Wendt (Ohio State University) and R. Duvall (University of Minnesota) in “Sovereignty and the UFO,” Political Theory 36.4 (2008) 607-33 (http://ptx.sagepub.com/ cgi/content/refs/36/4/607), see also "UFO Researchers & People” by Bernard Haisch, PhD, DIRECTOR: California Institute for Physics and Astrophysics (1999-2002) and SCIENTIFIC EDITOR: Astrophysical Journal (1993-2002), http://www.ufoevidence.org/Researchers/Detail76.
11. Fate magazine, May 2005. See the top 100 researchers at http://www. fatemag.com/2005_UFOSpecial_Top100. These 100 include retired nuclear physicist Stanton Friedman; Senior Research Scientist at NASA Dr. Richard Haines (ret) who worked on the Gemini, Apollo, Skylab and Space Station; NASA consultant Richard Hoagland; Engineer and Editor of Aviation Week & Space Technology Phil Klass; Optical Physicist and research scientist Dr. Bruce Maccabee who worked at the Naval Surface Warfare Center; and the 6th man to walk on the moon — Apollo Astronaut and Founder of the Noetic Sciences Institute, Edgar Mitchell (PhD in Aeronautics & Astronautics from MIT).
12. St. Augustine, Confessions, Tr. R.S. Pine-Coffin (NY: Penguin Books, 1984), pp. 318, 319.
13. See, for example, Israeli physicist Saul Youssef who states in the Proceedings of the New York Academy of Sciences that we must still conclude that light both is and is not a particle (wave) in “Is Quantum Mechanics An Exotic Probability Theory?” Fundamental Problems in Quantum Theory: A Conference Held in Honor of Professor John A. Wheeler, Ed. by D.M Greenberger and A. Zeilinger (NY: Annals of the NYAS, 1995), p. 904. Youssef is augmented by S. Afshar, E. Flores, K. McDonald and E. Knoesel’s “Paradox in Wave-Particle Duality,” Foundations of Physics 37.2 (2007) 295-305, who refer to recent experiments whereby light at all times has both wave and non-wave (particle) aspects. Whether or not these aspects obtain, the point is that a liberal ontology and epistemology of theology/Scripture may inspire imaginative solutions in science — Einstein asserting famously that imagination is more important than knowledge, not to mention Harvard University physicist G. Holton et al in “How a Scientific Discovery is made,” American Scientist—Scientific Research Society of Sigma Xi 84 (1996) 36475, who found extra-scientific influences such as theology and religion “to be essential… in major advances throughout the history of science” — from K.A. Müller’s codiscovery of high-temperature superconductors being guided by a religio-philosophical symbol to virtually all others; Columbia University scientist R.K. Merton calling this influence the “Matthew Effect” (per the Book of Matthew 25:29).
14. Tom Michaud, The Review of Metaphysics 62 (2008) #245, 162-4, http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb3545/is_1_62/ai_n28572389/?tag=content;col1.
15. Peter Redpath, “Foreword” in A Theology of Science, p. xi.
Updated: 19 February 2010